Author Topic: * Fascism Part II: The Rise of American Fascism  (Read 10732 times)

0 Members and 1 Guest are viewing this topic.

Offline Sue

  • Veteran
  • *
  • Posts: 19731
  • Karma: +1/-0
  • Thumbs Up
    • View Profile
* Fascism Part II: The Rise of American Fascism
« on: October 15, 2012, 12:52:14 PM »
Students reciting the Pledge of Allegiance in school
on Flag Day in 1899




by R.G.Price  - May 15, 2004


(Also read: What Is Fascism?)

The rise of fascism itself is a complex story, much less the rise of American fascism. Just as understanding the rise of fascism in Europe requires understanding the conditions of the time, so too understanding fascism in America requires understanding the conditions leading up to its transformation into a fascist state.

Before getting to that, though, it has to be clear that this is not about proving that something is good or bad, or trying to demonize American policy by associating it with fascism. In some respects American fascism could be considered "benevolent fascism." The rise of fascism in America was a multi-faceted process that took place over time, and was really a part of a larger trend in the 20th century that included other nations as well. As was stated in Part I, fascism developed as a solution to perceived social and economic problems from a certain perspective - a "right-wing" perspective. This is an analysis of American policy and society and the correlations with fascist ideology as described in Part I of this series:

Fascism Part I: Understanding Fascism and Anti-Semitism (see link posted above)

Setting the Stage for Fascism in America

  The Pledge of Allegiance was written in 1892 by Francis Bellamy. The Pledge was written by Bellamy for a national Columbus Day celebration ceremony, the program of which was published in The Youth's Companion magazine. It reflected his idea of a united America after the Civil War. At the time the country was still very much divided because of the conflict between North and South. The Pledge reinforced  the idea of ONE NATION, something important to many after the Civil War and the attempts of the South to secede.

Francis Bellamy was vice president of the Society of Christian Socialists. This was an organization that promoted the view that society should be organized based on the teachings of Jesus Christ and was critical of capitalism and individualism as corrupting forces in society. Francis Bellamy was actually the cousin of another influential Christian Socialist activist of the time, Edward Bellamy. Both Francis and Edward were involved in the Nationalist movement as well. Some 167 Nationalist Clubs sprang up around the United States after Edward Bellamy published his best selling book, Looking Backward.

Both men were involved in these clubs, though Edward was better known at the time. Looking Backward was essentially Edward's "answer" to the recently written Communist Manifesto. It was a book that attacked the positions of Communism, declared that any good society had to be founded on God's word, and basically took up some of the positions of the Socialist movement, but from a Christian perspective.

The Nationalist and Christian Socialist movements of the Bellamys were their "alternatives" to the Marxist movements of the day. While the Marxists were promoting rebellion against the State, the Bellamys promoted duty to the State.

After Columbus Day became a nationally recognized holiday on July 21, 1892, Francis Bellamy and others involved in the Nationalist movement helped to put together a national school program for the celebration of the event.

National School Celebration of Columbus Day - The Official Programme, was published in the September 8, 1892 issue of The Youth's Companion. As there was no real national means to distribute information to all the schools in the country at the time, this publication served as the means to organize the official events. The subtext of the article title read:

    Let every pupil and friend of the Schools who reads The Companion, at once present personally the following programme to the Teachers, Superintendents, School Boards, and Newspapers in the towns and cities in which they reside. Not one School in America should be left out in this Celebration.

The program for the National Celebration of Columbus Day was to be the first unified national celebration in the country's history, with every single school taking part in the ceremony according to a time table in perfect unison. The address, also written by Francis Bellamy, which was to be given at a certain part of the ceremony, started out:

    The spectacle America presents this day is without precedent in history. From ocean to ocean, in city, village, and country-side, the children of the States are marshaled and marching under the banner of the nation: and with them the people are gathering around the schoolhouse.

    Men are recognizing to-day the most impressive anniversary since Rome celebrated her thousandth year-the 400th anniversary of the stepping of a hemisphere into the world's life; four completed centuries of a new social order; the celebration of liberty and enlightenment organized into civilization.

    And while, during these hours, the Federal government of these United States strikes the keynote of this great American day that gives honor to the common American institution which unites us all, - we assemble here that we, too, may exalt the free school that embodies the American principle of universal enlightenment and equality: the most characteristic product of fours centuries of American life.

Veterans of the Civil War were also expected to attend the ceremonies and be recognized during the course of the program, as well as lead the Color-Guard of the pupils.

The original Pledge read as follows:

    I pledge allegiance to my Flag and the Republic for which it stands, one nation, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.

From this time up until 1942, the salute used while saying the pledge was to  make a military salute to the chest or brow, and then extend the arm straight out with the palm facing the flag, as shown below. This type of salute originated in ancient Rome and has been used by many groups. The salute is most widely recognized now as a "Nazi salute," but in fact it was Mussolini who adopted it before Hitler as apart of his fascist party, precisely because of its Roman origin. The Nazis later adopted it from the Italians. Its use in America prior to this time has no direct relationship to the fascists, however, it was a nationalist salute to the State. In the Italian and German usage the salute was to the leader himself, as it was used in Rome to "Hail Caesar" ("Heil Hitler").

    At a signal from the Principal the pupils, in ordered ranks, hands to the side, face the Flag. Another signal is given; every pupil gives the flag the military salute -- right hand lifted, palm downward, to a line with the forehead and close to it. Standing thus, all repeat together, slowly, "I pledge allegiance to my Flag and the Republic for which it stands; one Nation indivisible, with Liberty and Justice for all." At the words, "to my Flag," the right hand is extended gracefully, palm upward, toward the Flag, and remains in this gesture till the end of the affirmation; whereupon all hands immediately drop to the side. Then, still standing, as the instruments strike a chord, all will sing AMERICA- "My Country, tis of Thee."

Source: The Youth's Companion, 65 (1892): 446-447


After reciting the Pledge students were often instructed to say:

"One Country! One Language! One Flag!"

(The beginning of the story of American fascism starts with the conclusion of the Civil War and the start of Reconstruction. This is a complicated story in itself and one that I am not going to go into in detail. A very interesting thing about American fascism is the way in which American society has been reflected in the evolution of Pledge of Allegiance itself. )

At the turn of the 20th century America was undergoing a transformation from a society of farmers to an industrial society. This is obviously known as the Industrial Revolution, and as with the Industrial Revolutions in Europe this change brought a new level of economic disparity and fragility to the American economy.


President Theodore Roosevelt was one of the first prominent Americans to both recognize this fact, have a genuine desire to solve the problems the country faced, and to take action in doing so. Theodore Roosevelt was actually one of the most progressive presidents in the history of the United States and was a man of firm convictions. Roosevelt became popularly known as a "trust buster" - one who broke up large business cooperatives. Roosevelt attacked monopolies and big business and stated that he realized the State could actually be used to promote a "healthy" business environment. He supported unions and helped to resolve strikes, something that no other president had done before and something that was actually outside the duties of president.

Roosevelt had a real concern for justice and he knew that big business was not acting in ways that were fair and just. Roosevelt's administration marked the beginning of serious changes in American economic policy, but it was just the beginning.

As America became more and more industrialized, laissez-faire practice presented more and more problems. Men like J.P. Morgan, John Rockefeller and Andrew Carnegie owned huge shares of America's economy. J.P. Morgan was arguably the most powerful man in the country during the height of his career, with far more influence than even the President of the United States. A small handful of men controlled virtually all of the financial capital in the country to the degree that people realized that in many ways the government was not in charge of the country, this small group of private citizens were. These individuals had no oversight or democratic responsibilities - they were beholden, basically, to no one.

However, it was not only the common man that was troubled by the outcome of laissez-faire practice, but increasingly the capitalists themselves were also looking to the State for protection. One example of this was the popular food processor H.J. Heinz's lobbying and support for the Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906, signed by Teddy Roosevelt. Heinz supported this act not only out of a desire to promote healthy food, which his company already did, but also to legally eliminate competition. The Heinz food company had, at that time, one of the cleanest food product lines in the world, and Heinz helped to ensure that the legislation was written in such a way that the company would already meet the requirements of the act, while the majority of his competition's products would not meet the requirements. When the act passed many of Heinz's competitors went out of business because they were unable to make the changes needed to meet the requirements in a cost competitive and timely manner.

This is just one example of the fact that, while the State was taking some power away from private corporations, it was also aiding corporate interests in some cases. This led to an increased closeness between wealthy Americans and government as they realized that the government was something that could work in their interests, but would only be likely to do so if they were actively involved with it.

All of this marked a new role for the State in the American economy and signaled the beginning of the end of laissez-faire practices in ways that both public and private interests would do their best to take full advantage of.
"At any given moment there is an orthodoxy, a body of ideas which it is assumed all right-thinking people will accept without question. It is not exactly forbidden to state this or that or the other, but it is "not done".
...Anyone who challenges the prevailing orthodoxy finds himself silenced with.

Offline Sue

  • Veteran
  • *
  • Posts: 19731
  • Karma: +1/-0
  • Thumbs Up
    • View Profile
- * Fascism Part II: The Rise of American Fascism
« Reply #1 on: October 15, 2012, 01:11:23 PM »
Rise of American Eugenics

At this point, things need to be seen in a larger perspective. Throughout the late 1800s, the twilight of the Enlightenment era, a new world-view was being increasingly adopted. Marxism, socialism, and scientific sociology were having a profound impact on society. In the late 1800s and the early 1900s the idea was being advanced that people are the products of their social environments - that poverty is a social condition and that people become criminals because of social and economic conditions, etc.

Those advancing these views were largely calling for major social changes to correct these socially created problems. It was in contrast to these ideas that fascism began to develop in societies around the world, especially in America. The idea that poverty, crime and ignorance are a product of social conditions was a threat to the dominant members of society because the call was for these dominant members of society to reform their ways to create increased equality for all people.

In this social climate, those who opposed the idea that society created the problems of individuals put blame on race and bloodline instead. The ideology developed that the "socialists" were wrong, and that society's problems were not caused by oppressive economic conditions, but rather that social problems were caused by genetic inferiority. This is an ideology that was adopted by many wealthy and upper-class Americans and was related to the development of the ideology of "Social Darwinism," the idea that certain people were "genetically" more fit and that the more fit legitimately had  the right to rule the inferior. It is out of all of these ideas that the American eugenics programs began, funded by wealthy Americans such as Andrew Carnegie and John Rockefeller. The idea was that people were born poor or born criminal, etc. They were "bad seeds", and thus the problem of poverty was not really a social problem, it was a problem of bloodline, to be fixed by selective breeding programs, forced sterilization, and the maintenance of "racial purity". Racial purity was the idea that races "should not mix" out of the fear that if whites and blacks mixed the inferior black bloodline would "corrupt" the white bloodline, leading to more crime, poverty, and ignorance.

In the 1890s Indiana prisons were performing castrations on convicts, both to "cure" them of masturbation, and to prevent them from "breeding more criminals." Dr. Albert Ochsner advocated the sterilization of convicts "to eliminate all habitual criminals from the possibility of having children."  In 1902 Dr. Harry Clay Sharp stated: "We make choice of the best rams for our sheep... and keep the best dogs... how careful then should we be in begetting of children!" Sharp also advocated that every state institution should "render every male sterile who passes its portals, whether it be an almshouse, insane asylum, institute for the feeble minded, reformatory, or prison." 

In 1902 Blood of a Nation was published in America by David Starr Jordan. Jordan stated that, "The pauper is the victim of heredity, but neither Nature nor Society recognizes that as an excuse for his existence." Dr. J.N. Hurty, who was State Health Officer of Indiana and also became the president of the American Public Health Association, stated that, "Men and women are what they are largely because of the stock from which they sprang."

All of this of course stood in stark contrast to the ideas of "leftist" sociologists who were saying that people were born virtually equal and that differences arose from environmental conditions. These people promoted the idea of rehabilitation of prisoners and the changing of economic conditions to promote economic equality and provide greater access to opportunity for those who were born into poverty.

In 1907 Indiana became the first place in the world to legalize forced sterilization of the poor, prisoners, and mentally ill. Washington, Connecticut, California, Virginia, Nevada, Iowa, New Jersey, and New York all followed suit. In fact, New Jersey's eugenics bills  were signed into law by then governor, soon to be president, Woodrow Wilson.

American scientists began working with European scientists, especially in Germany. In 1911 a meeting of the First International Congress on Eugenics was held, including attendees from America, Belgium, England, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and Norway. Winston Churchill, Alexander Graham Bell, and other highly established individuals were in attendance.

In 1912 the Rockefeller Foundation was created, supported by oil billionaire John D. Rockefeller. The Rockefeller Foundation funded eugenics programs, endorsed  by John Rockefeller Jr. himself.

By 1914 eugenics had been adopted in America as a valid field of study and was even taught in high schools.

Source: War Against the Weak by Edwin Black

In 1915 D.W. Griffith's silent film, The Birth of a Nation, was released and it quickly became a national hit. The film did cause controversy, but went on to become the highest grossing silent film of all time.


President Woodrow Wilson's History of the American People was quoted in the film to describe how Northerners and blacks were using deception and abuse of power to "put the white South under the heal of the black South."


Birth of a Nation described how Lincoln had undermined state sovereignty and created a powerful federal government. It depicted Northern blacks and freed slaves as monstrous villains who were destroying white civilization and abusing their new-found power after the Civil War. The major villain of the film is a mulatto, a  man of "mixed white and black race".

Near the final climax of the film, where the Ku Klux Klan unites to save a town from "Negro anarchy", the film's protagonists retreat to a cabin that is occupied by a Union Civil War veteran and the following scene commences:




Though it is often said today that the concept of an "Aryan race" was invented by Hitler or the Nazis, this is not true. The concept of an Aryan race certainly predates the rise of Nazism. Here, in 1915, in the most popular film in American history up to that time, the entire story focused on the concept of defending the Aryan race.

The Great War

America was generally a pacifist country by and large after the Civil War. The memory of that war had turned many people against armed conflict. Americans did rally around the Spanish-America War to a degree, but there was also a large and loud segment of anti-war protestors during that war as well.

When the United States entered World War I in 1917, three years after it had begun, it was partly because the war was being brought to America via the sinking of ships like the Lusitania and Germany's offer to help Mexico invade America to regain the territory that Mexico lost to the United States in the Mexican-American War. There were economic reasons as well.

On the whole, though, America was a pacifist country that opposed involvement in major wars.  Woodrow Wilson was elected based on his promise to keep America out of war, and he was then re-elected in 1916 with the  popular campaign slogan, "He kept us out of war."

After World War I America quickly went back to it's pacifist attitudes, with a great many people resenting the American involvement in the war. America suffered 364,800 casualties during WWI, however this was a very small fraction of the total number of casualties. Despite the fact that America came late to the war and suffered less than 1% of the total war casualties (Russia and Germany suffered the most) Americans still felt as though it was unfair that Americans had to die in a war in which they felt they had no real stake. In addition, American soldiers returning from the war made it very clear in public speaking tours and books that modern warfare was absolutely horrific.

Europe was generally resentful of the nature of the American involvement as well. Though the Allies were very happy that America did finally come in to help turn the tide, at wars end American industry had made enormous profits from the war. America was viewed to have suffered relatively nothing and Europe was still in a state of disaster. Americans were taking much of the credit for winning the war as well, yet the Europeans had been in the war since 1914. Britain lost 60,000 men on the very first day of war, and the war effort was extremely costly to all of Europe. Because of this, the Europeans felt that Americans were doing too much boasting for the relatively small sacrifice that they contributed. 

Below is a listing of pre-war vs. intra-war profits for American companies involved in World War I.

 Company    Average profits in the last pre-war year -  Average profits during the four years of war
(Please view these figures at the link - (just scroll down please, it is easy to find.)

What did take place in America was that a small handful of companies in military related industries, such as DuPont, US Steel, and General Motors, not only made huge profits, but they were also recognized to be of importance to national security and these companies and their top officials gained a new level of influence in government.
"At any given moment there is an orthodoxy, a body of ideas which it is assumed all right-thinking people will accept without question. It is not exactly forbidden to state this or that or the other, but it is "not done".
...Anyone who challenges the prevailing orthodoxy finds himself silenced with.

Offline Sue

  • Veteran
  • *
  • Posts: 19731
  • Karma: +1/-0
  • Thumbs Up
    • View Profile
- * Fascism Part II: The Rise of American Fascism
« Reply #2 on: October 15, 2012, 03:11:50 PM »
As an aside, did you know:

While the population in the US was standing in soup-lines, while the entire mid-west was suffering the most catastrophic economic conditions in history, while France, England, Poland and all the rest were suffering economic downturns of massive proportions, Germany built luxury cruise liners for its people, airships without equal, unequalled roadsystems, the finest symphony halls and art museums, world-beating race cars and motorcycles and an entirely independent nation, the first in history! The sciences flourished, as did medicine, music, architecture, art and sculpture. No nation on earth can point to any period in its history were the same could be said. All of it on its own! - AND ALL OF IT WITHOUT JEWS!

That's the bottom line folks, like it or not.

No wonder Germany had to perish.  :(
"At any given moment there is an orthodoxy, a body of ideas which it is assumed all right-thinking people will accept without question. It is not exactly forbidden to state this or that or the other, but it is "not done".
...Anyone who challenges the prevailing orthodoxy finds himself silenced with.

Offline pope daniel

  • Group Major
  • *
  • Posts: 1466
  • Karma: +0/-0
  • Order of Miseratio Solvo Templum
    • View Profile
- * Fascism Part II: The Rise of American Fascism
« Reply #3 on: October 15, 2012, 04:57:47 PM »
"I pledge allegiance to the Masonic Flag of the United Soviet of America, and to the Democratic-Republic for which it stands, one world-Nation under Allah, invincible, with libertine justice (summary executions & sodomy) for all."
Revelation 3:14 "To the angel of the church in Laodicea write: These are the words of the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the ruler of God's creation.

Offline laconas

  • Veteran
  • *
  • Posts: 13653
  • Karma: +0/-0
    • View Profile
- * Fascism Part II: The Rise of American Fascism
« Reply #4 on: October 15, 2012, 06:05:29 PM »
So, what's the ruling ideology today? I know our great Jewish leader declared the ideology of communism was dead in 1989.
Nobody censors what they agree with

Offline Sue

  • Veteran
  • *
  • Posts: 19731
  • Karma: +1/-0
  • Thumbs Up
    • View Profile
- * Fascism Part II: The Rise of American Fascism
« Reply #5 on: October 15, 2012, 07:04:31 PM »
So, what's the ruling ideology today? I know our great Jewish leader declared the ideology of communism was dead in 1989.

COMMUNISM IS SOCIALISM

That communism is just one form of socialism cannot be denied. It has been shown, and proven, many times, that the communist state that became the Soviet Union was financed by the same international banking cartel that created, and still runs our Federal Reserve System, and it was to be the "showcase" socialist state for the world. Unfortunately, the performance of this showcase clearly proved that socialism cannot work and they found it necessary to "change the form of the revolution" to again fool the masses. (This is a common socialist ploy) Hence, the "fall" of communism.

http://raythomas101.com/communismdead.html



Interesting older article here: The American Ideology  http://www.informationclearinghouse.info/article3681.htm

Stay tuned..
"At any given moment there is an orthodoxy, a body of ideas which it is assumed all right-thinking people will accept without question. It is not exactly forbidden to state this or that or the other, but it is "not done".
...Anyone who challenges the prevailing orthodoxy finds himself silenced with.

Offline laconas

  • Veteran
  • *
  • Posts: 13653
  • Karma: +0/-0
    • View Profile
- * Fascism Part II: The Rise of American Fascism
« Reply #6 on: October 15, 2012, 07:29:18 PM »
COMMUNISM IS SOCIALISM

That communism is just one form of socialism cannot be denied. It has been shown, and proven, many times, that the communist state that became the Soviet Union was financed by the same international banking cartel that created, and still runs our Federal Reserve System, and it was to be the "showcase" socialist state for the world. Unfortunately, the performance of this showcase clearly proved that socialism cannot work and they found it necessary to "change the form of the revolution" to again fool the masses. (This is a common socialist ploy) Hence, the "fall" of communism.

http://raythomas101.com/communismdead.html



Interesting older article here: The American Ideology  http://www.informationclearinghouse.info/article3681.htm

Stay tuned..

I think they settled on the term "democracy" because they can define it to their changing needs.

Or maybe the 90's were a transition to a new ideological-less era?
Nobody censors what they agree with

Offline EyeBelieve

  • General of the Army
  • *****
  • Posts: 8632
  • Karma: +0/-0
    • View Profile
- * Fascism Part II: The Rise of American Fascism
« Reply #7 on: October 15, 2012, 07:38:10 PM »
Students reciting the Pledge of Allegiance in school
on Flag Day in 1899



President Theodore Roosevelt was one of the first prominent Americans to both recognize this fact, have a genuine desire to solve the problems the country faced, and to take action in doing so. Theodore Roosevelt was actually one of the most progressive presidents in the history of the United States and was a man of firm convictions. Roosevelt became popularly known as a "trust buster" - one who broke up large business cooperatives. Roosevelt attacked monopolies and big business and stated that he realized the State could actually be used to promote a "healthy" business environment. He supported unions and helped to resolve strikes, something that no other president had done before and something that was actually outside the duties of president.

Roosevelt had a real concern for justice and he knew that big business was not acting in ways that were fair and just. Roosevelt's administration marked the beginning of serious changes in American economic policy, but it was just the beginning.
Teddy Roosevelt was a London-zio agent...his 4th party run for 1912 Prez election sabotaged the Republicans & paved the way for Woodrow Wilson's Fed & WWI.  BTW the Pledge is laughable, kids are coerced so it means nothing.  Plus why do they have to say it every day?  Are kids so dumb they can't remember what they said the day before?

No mystery why uber zio-toady John McCain considers Teddy his personal hero.

Offline laconas

  • Veteran
  • *
  • Posts: 13653
  • Karma: +0/-0
    • View Profile
- * Fascism Part II: The Rise of American Fascism
« Reply #8 on: October 15, 2012, 07:43:18 PM »
Teddy Roosevelt was a London-zio agent...his 4th party run for 1912 Prez election sabotaged the Republicans & paved the way for Woodrow Wilson's Fed & WWI.  BTW the Pledge is laughable, kids are coerced so it means nothing.  Plus why do they have to say it every day?  Are kids so dumb they can't remember what they said the day before?

No mystery why uber zio-toady John McCain considers Teddy his personal hero.

Teddy got "lucky" when that Jew shot McKinley.
Nobody censors what they agree with

Offline Sue

  • Veteran
  • *
  • Posts: 19731
  • Karma: +1/-0
  • Thumbs Up
    • View Profile
- * Fascism Part II: The Rise of American Fascism
« Reply #9 on: October 15, 2012, 07:45:21 PM »
The Bolshevik Revolution and the Rise of "Americanism"

Arguably one of the most important outcomes of World War I was the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia, which resulted in the withdrawal of Russia from the war.

After World War I was over 22 countries, including the United States, sent troops to Russia to fight on the side of the Czars in the Russian Civil War between the Reds (the Communists) and the Whites (the Czarists). American leadership, like the leadership of all other established capitalist countries, was deeply opposed to Communism in principle, and so immediately there was an international effort to overthrow the Bolshevik regime and put the Czars back in power, despite the fact that the Czars themselves had a long and public record of abuses and mistreatment of the Russian people.


In for a Trimming: The cartoon shows the hand of the "Allied Powers" wielding the scissors of "Intervention in Russia" to trim back Bolshevism.

It was in 1917 that The American's Creed was born, written by US House of Representatives clerk William Tyler Page as part of a contest. The Creed was adopted by the House of Representatives in 1918. The American's Creed signified the beginning the new "Americanism", which would grip the US during the 1920s. The American's Creed reads as follows:

    I believe in the United States of America as a Government of the People, by the People, for the People; whose just powers are derived from the consent of the governed; A democracy in a republic, a sovereign Nation of many Sovereign States; a perfect Union, one and inseparable; established upon those principles of Freedom, Equality, Justice, and Humanity for which American Patriots sacrificed their Lives and Fortunes.

    I therefore believe it is my duty to my country to Love it; to Support its Constitution; to obey its laws; to Respect its Flag; and to defend it against all enemies.

The Creed, like the Pledge, reflected the new nationalism that developed after the Civil War, with its emphasis on "a perfect Union, one and inseparable," but it goes farther as well and is a reaction to the revolutionary tendencies that were growing throughout Western Civilization, which were emboldened by the Bolshevik Revolution. The Creed was to reinforce loyalty of citizens to the State and counteract revolutionary socialist ideology.

Shortly afterward, in 1919, the "Red Scare" hit the United States. The Red Scare of 1919 is a complex issue in itself, but to sum it up briefly, it was a national fear of Communism in which every left-leaning institution was suspected of being part of international Bolshevik Revolution.

Shortly prior to the Red Scare labor unions had been making significant progress in America. Unions were becoming more popular and gaining broader support from the public. With the coming of the Red Scare politicians and businessmen used the public's fear of Communism to significantly hurt labor unions and membership dropped radically.

As you can see in the graph below, excerpted from The First Measured Century, the Red Scare had a significant impact on organized labor in America.


Universities were suspect of teaching radicalism, the Socialist Party was outlawed, publicly elected officials who were members of the Socialist Party were thrown out of office, ten thousand people were imprisoned for being affiliated with socialism (primarily members of unions), and 800 were deported.





(Read the descriptions at the link please)

America returned to a more pro-business attitude during the post war boom of the "Roaring 20s" in part because of the Red Scare and its impact on politics, which gave leverage to free-market proponents, and because of the public's desire to distance themselves from Communism.

During the 1920s American society became increasingly polarized. In 1920 Prohibition went into effect and organized crime gained a strong foothold in the American economy. In order to combat the effects of organized crime, which were largely caused by Prohibition and facilitated by weapons surpluses from World War I, the FBI was given increased powers.

Apart from the issue of organized crime for the purpose of profits, there was another major issue brewing during the 1920s in America, that of racism and extreme right-wing organizations like the Ku Klux Klan. The Klan has a long history, going back to the early days of Reconstruction after the Civil War, but the Klan reached its peek of influence in the mid 1920s. In 1924 the Ku Klux Klan is reported to have had over 4.5 million members and held great political power in Oregon, Oklahoma, Texas, Arkansas, Indiana, Ohio, and California. Approximately 20% of adult white males in the South were members of the KKK at this time. The Klan's strongest state was Indiana. In 1924 Klansman Edward Jackson was elected governor of Indiana. As was previously stated, Indiana was also one of the places where the eugenics movement was strongest as well.




1925 KKK parade in Washington D.C. Over 400,000 members in attendance

The Klan was, and is, a Protestant based organization opposed to blacks, Jews, Catholics, and immigrants in general. Though the Klan was dominant in the South its influence during the 1920s was nation wide. During its peak the Klan was seen by a large portion of the American population as a respectable organization that stood for order and preservation of traditional values. The Klan also opposed Marxism, homosexuality, atheism, and liberalism in general. In fact Klan ideology and Nazi ideology are virtually identical and, like the later Nazis, the Klan presented themselves as a pillar of virtue, and in many ways they were accepted as such by society until a series of scandals ruined their image. The Klan were also supporters of Prohibition on the grounds that drinking was sinful, as is evidenced in the 1920's flyer below.


Their image was not ruined by lynchings or their racist attitudes and actions, but rather it was ruined by the exposure of fraud within the organization and the raping to death of a young woman by "Grand Dragon" D.C. Stephenson.

The Klan had billed itself as a pillar of virtue and an upholder of American values, and when the extent of the Klan's illegal activities became fully exposed the organization lost virtually all of its credibility, however what is important to note is that while Klan membership dropped in the late 1920s it was not because people no longer identified with the "values" of the Klan, but rather because the Klan had lost its credibility in upholding those "values."
image The Pledge of Allegiance was changed in the 1920s as well, reflecting changing American attitudes. In 1924 the American Legion (a conservative pro-nationalist organization) participated in having the words "my Flag" changed to "the Flag of the United States of America".

"The American Legion's constitution includes the following goal: "To foster and perpetuate a one hundred percent Americanism." One of its major standing committees was the "Americanism Commission" and its subsidiary, the "Counter Subversive Activities Committee." To the fear of immigrants, it added the fear of communism."

http://archive.aclu.org/news/move/pledgeorigin.html

A variety of right-wing political groups were active in America during the 1920s who promoted "100% Americanism", the KKK and American Legion being just two of them. The changes to the Pledge that they supported were partly a reaction to the Bolshevik Revolution, and also a reaction to growing numbers of immigrants from Europe, such as Jews, Italians and Irish. These "nativists" made every effort to indoctrinate immigrants with the ideas of "Americanism." Americanism was seen as a reinforcement of white male Protestant values and promoted white male Protestant cultural domination.

to be continued...
"At any given moment there is an orthodoxy, a body of ideas which it is assumed all right-thinking people will accept without question. It is not exactly forbidden to state this or that or the other, but it is "not done".
...Anyone who challenges the prevailing orthodoxy finds himself silenced with.

Offline Sue

  • Veteran
  • *
  • Posts: 19731
  • Karma: +1/-0
  • Thumbs Up
    • View Profile
- * Fascism Part II: The Rise of American Fascism
« Reply #10 on: October 15, 2012, 07:48:47 PM »
Teddy Roosevelt was a London-zio agent...his 4th party run for 1912 Prez election sabotaged the Republicans & paved the way for Woodrow Wilson's Fed & WWI.  BTW the Pledge is laughable, kids are coerced so it means nothing.  Plus why do they have to say it every day?  Are kids so dumb they can't remember what they said the day before?

No mystery why uber zio-toady John McCain considers Teddy his personal hero.

Yes, they are as dumb as those who taught them... By the way, the German kids are no smarter...
"At any given moment there is an orthodoxy, a body of ideas which it is assumed all right-thinking people will accept without question. It is not exactly forbidden to state this or that or the other, but it is "not done".
...Anyone who challenges the prevailing orthodoxy finds himself silenced with.

Offline Sue

  • Veteran
  • *
  • Posts: 19731
  • Karma: +1/-0
  • Thumbs Up
    • View Profile
- * Fascism Part II: The Rise of American Fascism
« Reply #11 on: October 15, 2012, 08:01:42 PM »
I think they settled on the term "democracy" because they can define it to their changing needs.

Or maybe the 90's were a transition to a new ideological-less era?

Democracy is an illusion...

A tiny cabal of international bankers chooses our "leaders". This clique, which subtly controls every significant facet of our society is gradually establishing an global Orwellian police state. Much of the upper and middle class has been duped to think they are building a better world.

Put another way, a private credit monopoly controls the purse strings of all the world's governments.
"At any given moment there is an orthodoxy, a body of ideas which it is assumed all right-thinking people will accept without question. It is not exactly forbidden to state this or that or the other, but it is "not done".
...Anyone who challenges the prevailing orthodoxy finds himself silenced with.

Offline laconas

  • Veteran
  • *
  • Posts: 13653
  • Karma: +0/-0
    • View Profile
- * Fascism Part II: The Rise of American Fascism
« Reply #12 on: October 15, 2012, 08:11:17 PM »


Quote
In fact Klan ideology and Nazi ideology are virtually identical and, like the later Nazis, the Klan presented themselves as a pillar of virtue, and in many ways they were accepted as such by society until a series of scandals ruined their image.

You learn something new everyday...
Nobody censors what they agree with

Offline Sue

  • Veteran
  • *
  • Posts: 19731
  • Karma: +1/-0
  • Thumbs Up
    • View Profile
- * Fascism Part II: The Rise of American Fascism
« Reply #13 on: October 15, 2012, 08:15:59 PM »

You learn something new everyday...

This reminds me of 'our' Gramsci student ~ ''Yes, we can!''
"At any given moment there is an orthodoxy, a body of ideas which it is assumed all right-thinking people will accept without question. It is not exactly forbidden to state this or that or the other, but it is "not done".
...Anyone who challenges the prevailing orthodoxy finds himself silenced with.

Offline laconas

  • Veteran
  • *
  • Posts: 13653
  • Karma: +0/-0
    • View Profile
- * Fascism Part II: The Rise of American Fascism
« Reply #14 on: October 15, 2012, 08:24:10 PM »
This reminds me of 'our' Gramsci student ~ ''Yes, we can!''

Si Podemos!

On another subject, did you ever notice how fast apples start changing to brown like 10 minutes after they're cut out of their protective skin. It's apple season. So many varieties so little time.
Nobody censors what they agree with

Offline EyeBelieve

  • General of the Army
  • *****
  • Posts: 8632
  • Karma: +0/-0
    • View Profile
- * Fascism Part II: The Rise of American Fascism
« Reply #15 on: October 15, 2012, 09:12:32 PM »
Yes, they are as dumb as those who taught them... By the way, the German kids are no smarter...

Well I was being sorta sarcastic about American kids being too dumb about remembering yesterday's Pledge.  IE the Pledge is not an authentic oath, just repetitive propaganda.

RE the Klan, there's a great LaRouche article covering that & connecting dots with many other topics:  Teddy Roosevelt's open Anglophilia (he was excited to meet the London-jew-Fabian Webbs); work to create grounds in Cuba for Spanish-American War; Woodrow Wilson's sponsorship of revived Klan; original Klan was spearheaded by Mason/London agent Albert Pike; shortly after McKinley assassination & TR assumed Presidency they built a statue of Pike; TR created FBI to control opposition; TR's "conservation" & "trust-buster" reputation was bogus...he used conservation as an excuse to hand over huge swathes of the western US to Morgan/Harriman etc.  PHEW, Teddy was sure a busy guy!

Teddy Roosevelt continues to be praised by mainstream media..."conservatives" love his warring, "liberals" love his greenism & "Progressiveism"...no controversy eh?

http://www.larouchepub.com/other/1998/kkk_in_doj.html

Offline Sue

  • Veteran
  • *
  • Posts: 19731
  • Karma: +1/-0
  • Thumbs Up
    • View Profile
- * Fascism Part II: The Rise of American Fascism
« Reply #16 on: October 15, 2012, 09:52:18 PM »
Si Podemos!

On another subject, did you ever notice how fast apples start changing to brown like 10 minutes after they're cut out of their protective skin. It's apple season. So many varieties so little time.

Yes I have.

My apples are ready to pick real soon, they look like mac apples, so I will be a busy home-maker for a bit. Graybeard talked me into getting a dehydrator, which I bought, so I shall use it for my apples and next year's apricots. We will also plant a pear tree, a plum tree and a cherry tree.
"At any given moment there is an orthodoxy, a body of ideas which it is assumed all right-thinking people will accept without question. It is not exactly forbidden to state this or that or the other, but it is "not done".
...Anyone who challenges the prevailing orthodoxy finds himself silenced with.

Offline Sue

  • Veteran
  • *
  • Posts: 19731
  • Karma: +1/-0
  • Thumbs Up
    • View Profile
"At any given moment there is an orthodoxy, a body of ideas which it is assumed all right-thinking people will accept without question. It is not exactly forbidden to state this or that or the other, but it is "not done".
...Anyone who challenges the prevailing orthodoxy finds himself silenced with.

Offline EyeBelieve

  • General of the Army
  • *****
  • Posts: 8632
  • Karma: +0/-0
    • View Profile
- * Fascism Part II: The Rise of American Fascism
« Reply #18 on: October 15, 2012, 10:11:26 PM »
Yes I have.

My apples are ready to pick real soon, they look like mac apples, so I will be a busy home-maker for a bit. Graybeard talked me into getting a dehydrator, which I bought, so I shall use it for my apples and next year's apricots. We will also plant a pear tree, a plum tree and a cherry tree.

Used to work with a Palestinian guy back when sun-dried tomatoes became a foodie trend--he said back home the folks would just put trays of tomato slices on the roof & let the sun do it's work.  But for non-desert dwellers a dehydrator is nice eh?  Hopefully preserves more vitamins than canning.  Good for backpacking etc too.

Offline laconas

  • Veteran
  • *
  • Posts: 13653
  • Karma: +0/-0
    • View Profile
- * Fascism Part II: The Rise of American Fascism
« Reply #19 on: October 16, 2012, 03:59:35 AM »
Yes I have.

My apples are ready to pick real soon, they look like mac apples, so I will be a busy home-maker for a bit. Graybeard talked me into getting a dehydrator, which I bought, so I shall use it for my apples and next year's apricots. We will also plant a pear tree, a plum tree and a cherry tree.

Almost sounds like you're building a Garden of Eden.
Nobody censors what they agree with